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Health Plan FAQ’s

The Affordable Care Act is complicated and can be quite confusing. Find answers to many of the most frequently asked questions regarding provisions of the law that affect individual and family health insurance.

Health Plan FAQ

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1. What Changes Were Made By The American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) And Executive Orders/Guidelines Issued By The Biden Administration?

a. COVID-19 Special Enrollment Period: The COVID-19 special enrollment period on was a one-time enrollment period that ended August 15, 2021 and is not being repeated in 2022. Enrollment was effective the first of the following month, and applicants did not need to provide proof of a qualifying life event (e.g. a birth, marriage, moving between a different county or state, etc.) if they enrolled through during this period. (See the last paragraph of FAQ 4 for further details about qualifying life events.)

b. Changes Made By The American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA): ARPA was signed into law on March 11, 2021 and made major changes to the Affordable Care Act. These changes apply ONLY to 2021 and 2022 unless otherwise noted. New legislation will be needed to extend these changes or make them permanent.

Prior to (and after) ARPA, individuals and families in almost all cases are eligible for tax credits (also referred to as subsidies) based on their income falling between 100% (in non-Medicaid expansion states like Florida) and 138% (in Medicaid expansion states) and 400% of the Federal Poverty Level (see chart in FAQ 14). Individuals and families falling above 400% of the FPL could not previously qualify for tax credits. Under ARPA, people falling above 400% of the FPL are NOW eligible for tax subsidies for the first time.

These tax credits can be applied to reduce the premium of ANY plan offered through the health insurance marketplace (

People falling between 100% and 250% of the FPL could (and continue to) also qualify for what is called a cost sharing reduction plan (CSR). A CSR (see FAQ 16) reduces the deductibles, copays, and maximum out of pocket costs for what is called a silver plan (see FAQ 18 for a description of what are called the “metallic levels” of Affordable Care Act plans) FOR NO ADDITIONAL COST.

Tax subsidies are calculated based on a person’s age and zip code of residence. They’re calculated based on how their family income relates to the cost of the second lowest cost silver plan offered in their zip code. The cost of the plan differs according to age, zip code and family size, and the calculation assumes that all family members are non-smokers. As of April 1, 2021 the % of income requirements were lowered for all poverty levels, and those making over 400% are NOW limited to paying 8.5% of their income for the second lowest cost silver plan in their area (this is referred to as the “benchmark” plan) through 2022.

Here is a comparison of the calculations used prior to ARPA and the calculations used between April 1, 2021 and December 31, 2022 to determine subsidies:

Subsidy Calculations—Before And After ARPA
(Households Making Above 400% Of the FPL Can Now Be eligible For Subsidies)


States that operate their own exchanges (e.g. California) may have established different eligibility dates and criteria for enrolling in ACA plans during the COVID-19 special enrolment period, but that period is now ended in all states.

For 2020 tax returns (ONLY), those who underestimated their earnings were exempt from having to pay back the government the difference between the subsidy based on the earnings they projected and the lower subsidy that would have been applicable based on their actual earnings.

2. What Are ARPA’s Changes Relating To Unemployment?

1. Individuals who received unemployment compensation in 2021 (this provision was applicable ONLY in 2021) were considered as making 133% of the FPL when making subsidy calculations.

2. People who were involuntarily terminated or who lost coverage due to a reduction in hours were eligible to receive premium-fee COBRA through September 30, 2021. This provision became effective April 1, 2021 and ended the earlier of September 30, 2021 or when the individual’s COBRA eligibility ends.

3. When Can I Enroll In An Affordable Care Act Plan?

Prior to January 1, 2014, individuals could enroll in health plans at any time. However, the Affordable Care Act established an Open Enrollment Period during which individuals and families must enroll UNLESS they have a "qualifying life event."

2022 Open Enrollment for ACA-compliant health coverage for individuals and families began November 1, 2021 and ended January 15, 2022 on Applications made before December 16 had a January 1, 2022 effective date. Applications made by January 15, 2022 have a February 1, 2022 effective date. Contact your local state exchange for details if your state does not participate on Look here for information about state exchanges.

Carriers are permitted to offer non-subsidized plans purchased directly from the carrier (these are called “off-exchange” plans). Carriers are permitted to establish different dates for off-exchange open enrollment, but most carriers use the same dates for on-exchange and off-exchange open enrollment. Most, but not all, carriers offering ACA plans in Florida also offer off-exchange plans. See FAQ 8 for an explanation of exchanges.

4. Under What Circumstances Can I Enroll In A Plan Outside Of Open Enrollment?

You won't be eligible to enroll outside the Open Enrollment Period UNLESS you experience a "qualifying life event" and become eligible for a Special Enrollment Period (SEP). Please see this link that contains more information about Special Enrollment Periods

The Health and Human Services Department issued final rules on September 17, 2021 permitting individuals and families who make less than 150% of what is called the Federal Poverty Level to have a monthly opportunity starting January 1, 2022 of enrolling in a silver cost sharing reduction plan (see FAQ 16).

Details concerning this special enrollment period as well as other changes affecting enrollment in 2022 plans were issued September 1, 2021. See this fact sheet for details of all the changes.

5. What Is The Special Enrollment Period Pre-enrollment Verification (SEPV) Process?

Applicants who attest to certain types of SEP qualifying events (loss of coverage; permanent move; marriage; gaining or losing a dependent through adoption, placement for adoption, placement in foster care, child support, or other court order; and Medicaid or CHIP denial) are subject to a Special Enrollment Period Pre-Enrollment Verification (SEPV) process. Eligible consumers must submit documents that confirm their SEP eligibility before they can start using their Marketplace coverage.

Current regulations state that special enrollment periods are intended only for individuals who have had continuous coverage (i.e. coverage for at least one day within the past 60 days).

Once the Marketplace has confirmed eligibility based on received and approved documents, applicants will receive notice they can pay their premium and start using their coverage retroactive to the effective date of coverage indicated in their application for enrollment.

We're available to help consumers understand what may make them eligible for a SEP and what documentation they need to submit to prove eligibility for a SEP.

Carriers are not required to follow rules for off-marketplace special enrollment periods, although in the past many carriers have made verification requirements for such plans equally or more restrictive than those of on-marketplace plans.

6. Are Providers Different Under Affordable Care Act Plans?

Qualified Health Plans (see FAQ 7) must have networks. A network is a group of healthcare providers or pharmacies who are contracted with the insurance carrier to provide medical services or prescription drugs at a discounted rate.

ACA networks in many cases are smaller and more restrictive than they were before the ACA became effective. Before the ACA, PPO (Preferred Provider Organization) plans with large networks were common. These plans permitted you to go either in- or out-of- network (you would have paid more for going outside-of-network). While PPO networks still exist, new, smaller PPO networks have been introduced in some cases, and most ACA carriers don’t offer PPO’s at all.

Now, most ACA plans offer Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO) networks that allow you to use any provider without a referral but you must use network providers except in a medical emergency) or HMO networks (some HMO networks require referrals and others don’t but all require you to use network providers except in an emergency).

If a particular plan is important to you, you need to check before you enroll to determine if your desired provider accepts that plan. If not, you may want to select a different plan (if available) whose network includes that provider.

Please note that networks and network provisions can change each year and that providers can leave networks any time in the year when their contracts with the carrier expire.

7. What Are Essential Health Benefits And What Is A Qualified Health Plan (QHP)?

All Affordable Care Act plans must cover these ten conditions called "Essential Health Benefits" ("EHB"):

  • Ambulatory patient services
  • Emergency services
  • Hospitalization
  • Maternity and newborn care
  • Mental health and substance use disorder services
  • Prescription drugs
  • Rehabilitative and habilitative (conditions a person is born with) services
  • Laboratory services
  • Preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management
  • Pediatric services, including dental and vision care and services for children under age 19

Plans that cover these conditions and meet other requirements like not exceeding maximum permitted deductibles and having adequate networks of providers are referred to as "Qualified Health Plans" ("QHP").

8. What Is An Exchange (Also Referred To As A Marketplace)?

Exchanges are marketplaces where individuals and families can:

  • Learn about some of their health coverage options,
  • Qualify for tax credits and Cost Sharing Reductions ("CSR") [see answers to FAQ's 15 and 16 for an explanation],
  • Compare health insurance plans based on costs, benefits, and other important features,
  • Choose a plan, and
  • Enroll in coverage.

Individuals MUST enroll through an exchange/marketplace in order to qualify for a tax subsidy or CSR. Because these determinations are quite complicated, we recommend that you call us at 877-734-3884 to help you determine your eligibility for tax subsidies or a CSR and assist in making your choice. There is no cost to you for our services.

The exchange run by the Federal government is called the Health Insurance Marketplace (or Federally Facilitated Marketplace). States running their own exchange may also name their exchanges - for example, "Access Health Connecticut" or "Covered California." Determine what type of exchange operates in your state. Find the marketplace in your state, compare plans, and enroll.

If you qualify for tax credits or a CSR, you must enroll using the link in the last sentence of the above paragraph, through a direct link from an insurance carrier’s site to the marketplace, or a web brokerage system (see FAQ 21 for a description of web brokerage systems).

Those individuals/families who do not qualify for tax credits or a CSR can shop for coverage the same way they always have: through brokers and agents or directly from health insurers (this is called buying "off-exchange").

9. Can I Buy An Affordable Care Act Plan If I Have A Pre-Existing Condition?

Carriers can’t inquire or base premiums for Affordable Care Act Plans on health conditions nor can they exclude pre-existing conditions. The only factors that can be considered in determining premiums are age, smoking status, size of the family unit, and geography (usually county of residence).

10. How Are Deductibles And Out-of- Pocket Limits Determined Under Affordable Care Act (ACA) Plans?

ACA plans set limits on the maximum deductible a plan can have (considerably lower than maximum deductibles offered before January 1, 2014). ALL plans now have an individual deductible and a family deductible that is TWO times the individual deductible. Some plans count co pays against the deductible and all plans must count co pays against the "out-of-pocket limit" (see next paragraph).

Affordable Care Act plans have maximum "out-of-pocket limits" for all services covered by the plan. The maximum out-of-pocket is the most you can pay toward covered expenses in a calendar year, including deductibles, co pays, coinsurance, and medications included in the plan’s formulary. Before January 1, 2014, co pays and outpatient drug co pays and deductibles usually did not count against out-of-pocket limits.

The maximum permitted out-of-pocket limit for ANY ACA plan in 2022 is $8,700 for individuals and $17,400 for families.

In some cases plans have the same deductibles and out-of-pocket maximums. If a plan's deductible is lower than the maximum out-of-pocket maximum, that plan will usually have some form of coinsurance that applies after the deductible until the out-of-pocket maximum is met.

11. How Does The Affordable Care Act Define Smoking Status?

Smoking is defined as smoking four or more times per week within the last 6 months and does not include smoking electronic cigarettes. Smoking was more strictly defined before the ACA became effective.

12. How Is COBRA Affected By The Affordable Care Act And By ARPA?

See FAQ 2 for information about the premium-free COBRA provision created under ARPA and that ran between April 1 and September 30, 2021. Otherwise, the rules concerning COBRA and Affordable Care Act plans are as follows:

COBRA is not replaced by the Affordable Care Act, BUT individuals should carefully consider the effects of electing COBRA instead of purchasing an Affordable Care Act plan.

If an individual elects COBRA s/he either must have exhausted COBRA or apply during Open Enrollment. However, individuals who have received premium-free COBRA will have a special enrollment period to enroll for an ACA plan upon exhaustion of premium-free payments. These people should apply no later than the 15th of the month before exhaustion of their premium-free COBRA.

Otherwise, an individual who has elected COBRA and loses coverage either due to non-payment or who wishes to convert to an ACA plan before exhausting COBRA MUST wait until Open Enrollment to make the change, which would then be effective the following January 1 (or February 1, depending on when they apply for coverage).

Unless an individual is eligible for premium-free COBRA, in most (but not all) cases individuals will find it less expensive to elect an Affordable Care Act plan instead of COBRA. Contact us at 877-734-3884 for more information.

Losing coverage and NOT electing COBRA is a qualifying life event (see FAQ 4) and entitles an individual to a Special Enrollment Period. Likewise, exhaustion of COBRA (and premium-free COBRA) is also a qualifying life event.


13. What Is A Catastrophic Plan Under The Affordable Care Act?

Certain individuals can also qualify for a catastrophic plan. These are health plans that meet all of the requirements applicable to other Qualified Health Plans (QHPs) but don't cover more than 3 primary care office visits per year before the plan's deductible is met. The premium amount you pay each month for health care is generally lower than for other QHPs, but the out-of-pocket costs for deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance are generally higher.

You can't qualify for tax credits or CSRs if you elect one of these plans. To qualify for a catastrophic plan, you must be under age 30 OR qualify for a "hardship exemption" because the marketplace determined that you're unable to afford health coverage.

14. What Is The Federal Poverty Level (FPL)?

The Federal Poverty Level ("FPL") is used to determine your eligibility for a subsidy (see FAQ 15). You're eligible for a subsidy if your income (MAGI is the measure of income that is used to determine income) is equal to the number below (depending on the number of individuals in your family) up to 4 times that amount. In accordance with ARPA (see FAQ 1), you’re eligible for a subsidy if your income is more than 8.5% of the second lowest cost silver plan (called the “benchmark” plan) in your zip code. (See FAQ 18 for a discussion of the ACA metallic levels.)

Moreover, you're not eligible for a tax subsidy if your income is below your state's level for Medicaid eligibility.

The FPL changes each year and is used for determining eligibility for subsidies. The 2022 Federal Poverty Levels at 100% of FPL are as follows:

  • $12,880 for a single individual
  • $17,420 for a family of 2
  • $21,960 for a family of 3
  • $26,500 for a family of 4
  • $31,040 for a family of 5
  • $35,580 for a family of 6
  • $40,120 for a family of 7
  • $44,660 for a family of 8

Federal Poverty Level Guidelines For 2022 Plans

Every year, the Federal Poverty Level (FPL) (see below) changes based on the cost of living. Individuals and families need to understand where they fall on the FPL so they know whether they may qualify for Medicaid in their state (modified adjusted gross income either below 100%, or 138% of the FPL for states that have enacted Medicaid expansion); whether they are eligible for a tax subsidy (also called an Advance Premium Tax Credit; see below) because they earn between 100/138% and 400% of the FPL (or, starting April 1, 2021 those who have income above 400% of the FPL and whose cost for the benchmark silver plan in their zip code is more than 8.5% of their income); or whether they’re eligible for a Cost Sharing Reduction if they purchase a silver plan (see FAQ 18) and earn less than 250% of the FPL and also earn above the Medicaid threshold in their state.

Subsidy (Also Called An Advance Premium Tax Credit)

The Affordable Care Act requires that subsidies be provided to individuals and families who need help paying their monthly health insurance bills. Depending on age and county of residence, an unmarried individual or a family filing a joint return who makes between 100% (138% in Medicaid expansion states) and 400% of the Federal Poverty Level will usually be eligible for a subsidy (unless employer group coverage has been offered). Also, per ARPA those with income above 400% whose cost for a benchmark silver plan is more than 8.5% of their income will also be eligible for subsidies.

Federal Poverty Level and Cost Sharing Reductions

Cost Sharing Reductions are offered ONLY for silver level metallic plans. The following chart indicates the various percentages (150, 200 and 250%) of the Federal Poverty Level that are used for determining eligibility for one of the three levels of Cost Sharing Reduction.

The following chart shows various levels of FPL that are used for making tax subsidy and Cost Sharing Reduction determinations for 2022 Affordable Care Act calendar year plans. For 2022 unmarried individuals and families can be eligible for subsidies if their Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) is below the 400% level or if the cost of the benchmark silver level plan in their zip code is greater than 8.5% of their income. Unmarried individuals and families can be eligible for a Cost Sharing Reduction if their Modified Adjusted Gross Income is less than 250% of the FPL: eligibility for a level 6 CSR is for MAGI to be between 100/138% (depending on the state's eligibility level for Medicaid) and 150% of FPL; level 5 eligibility is between 150 and 200% of FPL; and level 4 eligibility is between 200 and 250%. See the first paragraph of FAQ 14 for a definition and explanation of MAGI.

This FPL chart is used for determining tax subsidies and Cost Sharing Reductions for 2022 plans


Those with MAGI above 400% may qualify for tax subsidies if the cost of the benchmark silver plan in their zip code exceeds 8.5% of their income

How Can An Employee Who Is Offered Group Coverage Become Eligible For An ACA Subsidy?

Generally, if an employee is offered group coverage s/he is not eligible for subsidized ACA health coverage. HOWEVER, if the employee’s portion of the premium is more than 9.83% of his or her income, s/he CAN qualify for an ACA tax subsidy if his or her income is above 100% (non-Medicaid expansion state) or 138% (Medicaid expansion state) of the Federal Poverty Level.

Many employers offer dependent coverage but adding dependents to employer plans can be prohibitively expensive because in many states employers can offer coverage to dependents without subsidizing any of their premium. Unfortunately, family members who are offered dependent coverage by employers are not eligible for premium subsidies if the amount the employee has to pay for employee-only coverage on the group plan is deemed “affordable” – defined as less than 9.83% of household income. It doesn’t matter how much the employee would have to pay to purchase family coverage. The family members are not eligible for exchange subsidies if the employee could get employer-sponsored coverage just for him or herself, for less than 9.83% of the household’s income. This is called the “family glitch.”

15. What Are Tax Credits (Tax Subsidies) Under The Affordable Care Act?

The Affordable Care Act provides a tax credit (called an "advance premium tax credit") to help certain individuals afford health coverage purchased through a marketplace. Advance payments of the tax credit can be used to lower your monthly premium costs.

You'll be able to calculate the amount of any tax subsidy as well as any possible Cost Sharing Reduction (see FAQ 14) for which you're eligible by going to and making an application. (We can help you make an application by using one of our web brokerage systems (see FAQ 21).

After you complete the application, this information will be contained in the downloadable PDF (determination letter) that will be shown on your account. You should download and print this PDF for your records. Together with showing you the subsidy and any Cost Sharing Reduction information, this document will also notify you of any information (e.g. birth certificate, proof of income, copy of green card, etc.) that you must forward to the marketplace (address is shown in the PDF) by the due date shown.

If you have a qualifying life event and are eligible for a Special Enrollment Period, the determination letter will also indicate what kind of proof you need to submit to substantiate (1) that you have actually experienced that event and (2) that you had prior coverage.

Generally, you have 30 days to submit proof required to substantiate a qualifying life event, 90 days to submit income verification, or 95 days to submit proof of immigration status or citizenship.

Failure to provide any of this required information by the due date indicated can and usually will result either in the cancellation of your coverage or elimination of your subsidy. This information must be forwarded to the address indicated in the determination letter (or updated in your account).

We suggest keeping the original documents and either uploading the documents into the system or sending the information by certified mail with return receipt requested to the address listed in London, KY (we recommend the later method because we find that uploaded documents are sometimes lost in the system). If you mail the information you must put your name and application id on each page and also include the page with the bar code (with your name and application id), which usually is located between pages 8-10 of your eligibility verification notice. Click on the following link to find out more about submitting documents:

How To Submit Documents

Once you obtain subsidy and Cost Sharing Reduction information, you can then proceed to the next step and enroll in a plan.

The final step will be to make the first payment with the carrier you have chosen. You should always keep track of the application id (also shown on the downloadable PDF) as well as the user id and password you used to access the website. The state exchanges contain similar capabilities.

Income for purposes of calculating subsidies is based on MAGI (Modified Adjusted Gross Income). LEARN MORE.

MAGI includes certain adjustments to Adjusted Gross Income (your income before exemptions and deductions) and can either be equal to or higher than AGI. (For example, AGI includes only taxable Social Security; MAGI includes the entire Social Security benefit, whether or not it is taxable.) Other major differences include how interest and foreign income are calculated for AGI vs. MAGI.

You'll be able to use a calculator included on your Federal or state marketplace to estimate the amount of your tax credit as well as your Cost Sharing Reduction. Actual subsidies and eligibility for a Cost Sharing Reduction are determined ONLY when you complete an application and it is submitted to the applicable marketplace. Upon submission, the marketplace calculates the exact amount of your subsidy as well as your Cost Sharing Reduction level, if applicable.

Please call us at 561-734-3884 or 877-734-3884 for help in determining the amount of your tax credit, if any, and to see if you're eligible for a Cost Sharing Reduction.

16. What Is A Cost Sharing Reduction ("CSR")?

A CSR is a discount that lowers the amount you pay out-of-pocket for deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments, but a CSR DOESN'T change the amount of your tax subsidy. CSR's can be used ONLY if you purchase a silver level plan (see FAQ 18).

You can qualify for a CSR if you purchase health insurance through an exchange and your income is below a certain level (between your state's income cut-off for Medicaid eligibility and 250% of the Federal Poverty Level). There are three different levels of Cost Sharing Reduction and if you qualify for a CSR in 2022, the level will be indicated by where your income falls on the chart in FAQ 14 above.

  • Level 4 applies if your reported income is between 200% and 250% of the Federal Poverty Level. Plans at this level have an actuarial value of 73% (actuarial value means that a plan will pay that % of the average individual's medical expenses).
  • Level 5 applies if your reported income is between 150% and 200% of the Federal Poverty Level. CSR's at this level have an actuarial value of 87%.
  • Level 6 applies if your reported income is between your state's eligibility for Medicaid and 150% of the Federal Poverty Level. CSR's at this level have an actuarial value of 94%.

Please note that levels 4, 5, and 6 are the designations used by the Federal marketplace. Some carriers use different designations (like A, B and C) but the carrier designations are based on and equate to the marketplace levels.

17. What Is Meant By Co-insurance, Co-pay, And Deductible?

"Co-insurance" - a percentage of your medical and drug costs that you pay out of your pocket.

"Co-pay" - the fixed dollar amount you pay when you receive medical services or have a prescription filled.

"Deductible" - the amount you pay for medical services and/or prescriptions before your plan pays for your benefits.

18. What Types Of Plans Are Available?

Plans sold on an exchange are primarily categorized into four health plan categories (also known as "metallic levels") - bronze, silver, gold, or platinum - based on the percentage the plan pays of the average overall cost of providing benefits to members.

The plan category you choose reflects the total amount an average person (i.e. a "standard" population) will likely spend ("actuarial value") for Essential Health Benefits (described in the answer to FAQ 7, above) during the year. Plans in each metallic level differ in premium and plan design.

While each plan in a metallic level has the same actuarial value determined on a standard population, you should determine what features and benefits are most important to YOUR situation (for example, a lower deductible may be more important to YOU than lower co-pays OR the reverse may be true), but the percentages the plans will spend, on average, are:

  • * 60 percent (bronze),
  • **70 percent (silver),
  • **80 percent (gold), and
  • **90 percent (platinum)


* This percentage can be up to 4 percentage points lower or 5 percentage points higher (except for bronze plans meeting certain conditions)

** This percentage can be up to 4 percentage points lower or 2 percentage points higher

These metallic categories also apply to health plans sold to individuals outside of an exchange/marketplace (off-exchange).

19. When Must I Make The First Payment For My New Affordable Care Act Plan?

You must make payment BEFORE the effective date of coverage for coverage to be effective. It’s VERY important that premiums are paid on a timely basis, and, unlike for pre-Affordable Care Act plans, reinstatement is not permitted for plans that have lapsed due to non-payment of premium. Payment requirements can differ between on- and off-exchange plans.

(Note: the requirements for making continuing payments for off-exchange plans can be stricter than for on-exchange plans: with some carriers, participants in off-exchange plans have to make payment within 30 days of the first day of the coverage month or they’ll lose coverage, whereas other carriers permit up to 90 days. Check with your carrier to determine their payment rules and make sure you’re in compliance. On-exchange participants must submit payment within 90 days and if they’re late in paying also need to pay intervening missed payments, as well, to retain coverage. Off-exchange participants who have longer than 30-day grace periods will also have to make up intervening missed payments. In order to minimize chances of losing coverage due to non-payment, we recommend paying through electronic funds transfer (EFT), if at all possible.

Please note that you generally must make payment directly to the carrier [payments for Federal marketplace plans for most carriers can be made either through the marketplace or on a web brokerage system; (see FAQ 21)].

An individual applying for an on-exchange plan with the same carrier can be required to pay up to a maximum of three months' additional premium if s/he was in arrears (or failed to pay premiums and coverage was cancelled) within the previous twelve months BEFORE the new coverage can become effective.

In addition if you apply for a Special Enrollment Period and the exchange requires you to submit proof substantiating the qualifying life event, you will need to submit proof to the exchange within 30 days or you will lose your coverage. The effective date of coverage will be pended until you send in the proof and the exchange accepts that proof. Upon acceptance of proof, the exchange will notify you and will also notify the carrier. You can make payment to the carrier when the carrier posts the notification they receive from the exchange to their system. It's important to make timely payment; effective date of coverage will be the date the exchange determined your effective date of coverage to be when it asked you to submit the proof.

20. What Is The Penalty For Not Enrolling In An Affordable Care Act Plan?

The Federal tax penalty for not having a plan that complies with the Affordable Care Act was eliminated effective January 1, 2019.

Five jurisdictions--California, District of Columbia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and Rhode Island—have penalties for not having ACA-qualified plans.. These penalties are all calculated differently; check with your tax preparer for information about these penalties. Vermont has a mandate that non-Medicare eligible state residents must buy an ACA-qualified plan but there is no penalty for non-compliance.

21. What Is A Web Brokerage?

This is a system that permits you to work with an insurance agent and enroll in a federal marketplace plan. You provide your personal and income information to an agent and authorize that agent to process your application with the marketplace using the web brokerage system. Working with an agent who uses a web brokerage system helps you speed up the enrollment process significantly.

Web brokerage systems must comply with HIPAA privacy and security requirements. CMS is required to certify these systems and only permits those systems that meet this requirement to have what is called a direct link to

We utilize the Health Sherpa web brokerage system [which uses what is called enhanced direct enrollment (“EDE”) technology] with most of our clients who want to enroll in a marketplace plan. (One of our carriers has its own EDE technology and we utilize that carrier’s system to write on-Exchange Affordable Care Act plans.) This significantly shortens the time it takes to complete an enrollment if we enrolled through instead of using this technology. Otherwise, we make three-way calls (with us, the consumer and the marketplace on the line) to effectuate enrollments or we assist consumers who want help in utilizing their own account. We are prohibited from asking a consumer for their user name and password and can NOT go on the as if we were the consumer.

We follow all privacy and informed consent requirements irrespective of the method of enrollment we use.

2022 Schedule
Affordable Care Act Open Enrollment

Affordable Care Act open enrollment began November 1, 2021 and ended January 15 on the Federal Facilitated Marketplace (
You can only buy an Affordable Care Act plan for the remainder of 2022 if you have a Qualifying Life Event.

Call us at 561-734-3884 or 877-734-3884 to determine
what kind of plan you may be eligible for.

2022 Schedule
Medicare Annual Enrollment Period

The Medicare Annual Enrollment Period ended December 7, 2021
for a January 1, 2022 effective date.

You’re eligible to enroll now if you’re first becoming eligible for
Medicare or are eligible for another type of enrollment period.
Enrollment rules differ between Medicare Supplement plans and
Medicare Advantage, Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug,
and stand-alone Prescription Drug Plans.

Call us at 561-734-3884 or 877-734-3884 for details.

family consulting

We offer a comprehensive set of Affordable Care Act (“Obamacare”) plans

to individuals and families qualified to buy health (tax- and non-tax subsidized) insurance and dental/vision and/or hearing plans through the Federal marketplace (this is called buying “on-exchange” or “on-marketplace”) or directly from insurance carriers (this is referred to as buying “off-exchange or -marketplace”). Our Affordable Care Act policies comply with the Affordable Care Act and contain all of the “essential health benefits” required by that law.

The dental/vision and/or hearing insurance

products are available both on an insured or discount basis

We offer short-term health insurance policies

for those who are looking for more inexpensive coverage and shorter term alternatives.

We offer Medicare Supplement, Medicare Advantage, and Part D Drug plans

to Medicare beneficiaries. Our site is compliant with federal, state, and carrier guidelines in selling these policies. See the Medicare section of this site for details.

We represent many carriers that offer supplemental benefits

to both individuals and families and Medicare beneficiaries, and the site contains information about hospital indemnity, cancer, critical illness, gap, accident, and international medical insurance offered by many different carriers. This section of the site also contains valuable information and tools about lowering the cost of prescription medications. Call us if you want more information about or would like to enroll in one of these products.

We also offer Short- and Long-Term Disability products

and can also help you meet the costs of long-term care, nursing home, or short-term (recovery) care needs.

Finally, we have a complete array of Life, Final Expense, and Annuity products

and offer pre-need services in Florida, as we have both life insurance and pre-need licenses in that state.

You pay nothing for our services:

we’re paid directly from the carriers we represent, Premiums are NEVER EVER marked up to include paying us for our services: you pay the same whether you order directly from the carrier or the marketplace on your own or directly through us or from our site.

We ONLY offer alternatives that are suitable for you and for which we feel meet YOUR needs.
When or if we feel a product or service is not appropriate for you from either a cost or benefit point of view we will tell you so.

We’re fully compliant with privacy and security guidelines, have signed all required privacy and security agreements, have developed a privacy and security policy, and take extraordinary steps to safeguard your protected health and personal information.
In short, we’re experts in all aspects of health and life insurance and also have relationships with professionals who can help you with very specialized situations.

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